One of the challenges a child with ASD or Autism Spectrum Disorder face is that related to poor balance and low muscle tone, which affects his or her motor skills. Pediatric physical therapy has been known to be highly instrumental in helping children with ASD overcome these challenges, by working on the following areas:
Muscle development starts at an early age. For example, an infant’s neck muscles begin to grow stronger to be able to support the full weight of the head when in an upright position. The development of muscles in the body also allow the child to eventually sit or crawl on his own. Physical therapy may help enhance the development of the muscles of children with ASD.
Motor Skills and Planning
Gross motor skills and motor planning are needed for the bulk of movements and activities such as standing, running, sitting, or walking. A child needs to have good motor skills to be able to independently explore and learn from his environment.
Balance and Coordination
Balance and coordination are directly associated with the brain, but also rely on physical capabilities. Without coordination among the brain, bones, and muscles, smooth movement would not be possible. Physical therapy can help develop a child’s balancing skills through some exercises so he can independently and efficiently perform standard body movements.