The vestibular system is the part of the ear that is responsible for balance and orientation when children (and adults) are in movement. Part of the system is responsible for balance during head rotations, and the other part during straight line accelerations. It is also important for normal development as it affects motion control, posture alignment, motion tolerance and vision.
In the past, it was believed that vestibular diseases were uncommon in children, but now medical professionals think that this may not be so. The common symptoms of dizziness, poor coordination, difficulty in reading and writing, frequent falls and trouble navigating in the dark, to name just a few, can easily be attributed to other childhood disorders. Now, however, medical professionals are more aware of the need to screen and treat these vestibular problems.