Although the exact cause or causes of cerebral palsy (CP) may be unknown, it often occurs as the result of malformation or injury to the brain before, during or immediately after birth. There are three main types of cerebral palsy, and all present challenges related to movement. Spastic cerebral palsy causes stiffness and difficulty in initiating and completing movements, Athetoid CP causes uncontrolled movements, and Ataxic CP affects balance and depth perception.
Children who have any one of these types of cerebral palsy often face challenges in performing everyday tasks. However, there are a number of resources that can help children and their families overcome these challenges and live enjoyable and meaningful lives.